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The judiciary in detail

This section tells you how the judiciary is organised and governed, who speaks out for judges and what 'judicial independence' really means. You can also find out more about individual types of judge, including where they sit, the types of cases they hear, how they are appointed and what they wear in court.

Judicial roles
There are many different types of judges sitting in courts or tribunals, each hearing different types of cases, and with different powers to use when deciding the outcome of a case.
What judges, magistrates and tribunal members do when sitting in a judicial capacity.
How the judiciary is governed
The Lord Chief Justice decides where judges sit, and the type of cases they hear
The legal year and term dates
The legal year traditionally begins in October and courts sit for four terms during the year.
Judicial accountability and independence
The importance of judicial independence and the consequences of that independence on the notion of judicial accountability
Representative bodies
There are various groups which speak for different branches of the judicial family

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