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Introduction to the justice system

Who were the first judges? How did the notion of judicial independence develop? What is the relationship between the judiciary and the government?

History of the judiciary
When you see a judge or magistrate sitting in court, you are actually looking at the result of 1,000 years of legal evolution.
Constitutional reform
For the first time in almost 900 years, judicial independence is officially enshrined in law.
Coroners occupy a unique place in the justice system of England and Wales.
The Supreme Court
The creation of the new Supreme Court means that the most senior judges are now entirely separate from the Parliamentary process.
Structure of the courts system
How are the different courts and tribunals connected? How do cases and appeals progress through the system?
The House of Lords
Until October 2009, the House of Lords was the highest court in the United Kingdom.
Traditions of the courts
Some parts of the proceedings in court date back many centuries
"I will do right by all manner of people, after the law and usages of this realm, without fear or favour, affection or ill will."

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